Vitiligo Hereditary

Vitiligo Hereditary

Vitiligo – An Insight

Vitiligo is a chronic skin condition which is characterized by the loss of a pigment known as the melanin, which is the pigment responsible for giving color to the skin, hair, and eyes. This is a harmless skin disorder. Vitiligo is also known as leucoderma. This loss of melanin causes the formation of white patches on the skin leading to appearance of patchy skin. These skin patches are known as leucoderma or vitiligo patches.

Vitiligo is not limited to anyone particular part or portion of the body. It can affect any part of the body, which includes face, scalp, genitals. It mostly begins as small macules. Very often, it is noted that they neither increase in size nor do they spread to any other part of the body. Pattern and severity differ from person to person. In some patients, vitiligo spreads rapidly and in some other patients they may stay just in one place. The nature of the vitiligo spread is not predefined. Sometimes, vitiligo remains localized to a specific area, while in some other cases, it spreadsaggressively to the entire body.

As we know by now vitiligo is harmless. It is not a major life-threatening condition. This disorder mainly affects the appearance of a person causing immense psychological and emotional effect on the person.This in turn affects the quality of life, self-esteem, confidence, etc., of the person.

Vitiligo and it's Causes

It is to be noted that the exact cause of vitiligo is unknown as yet, though genetics and hereditary causes do play a significant role. The other trigger factors include combination of stress, environmental and autoimmune factors.

Vitiligo Hereditary

Health conditions passed down from generation to generation is termed as a hereditary health condition. Yes, vitiligo is a condition which can be hereditary as well. It is noted that there are quite high chances of people getting vitiligo if they have any family history of vitiligo. The chances are even higher when it is in the first circle of the family such as parents, siblings, etc. Though vitiligo can be a hereditary condition, it certainly is not a contagious disorder.

Types of Vitiligo

The skin disorder vitiligo can be divided into types based on its nature, spread, and severity. They are as mentioned below. Let us have a quick look at these.

  • Generalized: The generalized type is the most common form of vitiligo. It causes macules on various parts of the body.
  • Universal: This type of vitiligo is rare. The universal vitiligo causes almost 80% of the skin to not have pigment.
  • Focal: This is a rare type of macule developing in a smaller area.
  • Segmental: In this type only one side of the body or any one area is affected, it could be either one of the hands or legs, face, etc.
  • Trichome: In this type, there is a bullseye pattern which appears as a white or a colourlesscentre, with an area of light pigmentation, and then an area of natural skin tone.
  • Mucosal: Mucosal vitiligo as the name suggests affects mucous membranes of the mouth and/or genitals.

Vitiligo Treatments

Any mode of treatment is not required for vitiligo from the medical perspective as the condition is harmless to one’s overall physical health. Also, there is no need of any medications or vaccinations. As this does not spread from one person to another, there is no preventive vaccine. People with vitiligo choose to go for treatment if it is spread quite visibly on the body. This can cause emotional trauma or lack of self-esteem and confidence. Treatment is to address the cosmetic (appearance) aspect of the condition along with improving the emotional well-being of the patient.

Products such as Calcineurin inhibitors, topical Janus kinase inhibitors, corticosteroids, UV comb (UV-311), Portable UV Therapy Units, hand and foot unit and whole-body phototherapy units are also used in the treatment of vitiligo. The treatment mode can be broadly classified into major 5 types and they are as follows:

  • Medications.
  • Light therapy.
  • Depigmentation therapy.
  • Surgery.
  • Counselling.
Synopsis

Vitiligo is a benign, but chronic skin condition characterized by the loss of a pigment known as melanin (the pigment responsible for giving color to the skin, hair, and eyes). There is need of awareness of vitiligo to help better manage and treat the condition. It is prudent to seek the right practitioner to get the right treatment.

With advancement in the field of medicine and healthcare, there is a variety of options available for managing vitiligo efficiently. It could be in the form of advanced medical tools and equipments, creams and ointments, oral medicines, etc. There are many big,well knownbrands in the market providing the best in terms of vitiligo treatment. Some of these could be identified as Glenmark, C Cube, Biocon.

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