Psoriasis Causes And Types

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Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin condition/disease/abnormality which is very debilitating. It is a chronic, common, inflammatory skin disease. It is quite painful and stressful.

Psoriasis as such is more common in adults as opposed to kids, but, Guttate psoriasis, a form of psoriasis is very common in kids. Up until now, there has not been any sure shot cure for psoriasis which rids psoriasis from the roots.

There are many treatment options available which can help manage psoriasis from growing or aggravating further, help reduce the severity of psoriasis, soothe the skin, and make psoriasis more manageable. Psoriasis is a skin condition which branches out into many psoriasistypes.

Psoriasis Types

There are many psoriasistypes and we have listed out those types here. Let us quickly run through the various types of psoriasis which include

  • Guttate Psoriasis: Of the many types of psoriasis, this psoriasis type often appears after a sore throat (caused by streptococcal infection). Guttate psoriasis generally affects the children and younger adults. It appears like small spots which are red in color, have a dropshape, and are scaly in appearance.
  • Plaque Psoriasis: This psoriasis is the most popular and commonly known psoriasis. As this is the most common form of psoriasis, it is estimated that about 80% to 90% of psoriasis cases is mainly of plaque psoriasis.
  • Pustular Psoriasis: As the name is suggestive, pustular psoriasis is the type of psoriasis which has small tiny bumps on top of the plaques filled with pus.
  • Sebopsoriasis: Sebopsoriasis has the typical nature of appearing on the face and scalp. They are bumpy plaques with yellowish greasyscales. This psoriasis seems like a combination of these 2 skin disorders namely, seborrheic dermatitis and psoriasis.
  • Erythrodermic Psoriasis: Erythrodermic psoriasis is the psoriasis which is severe as it affects larger portions of the skin, that is, almost the entire body. In this psoriasistype, there is significant skin discoloration along with shedding of skin.
  • Inverse Psoriasis: Inverse psoriasis has the tendency to appear in the skin folds. It appears in the form of thin plaques minus the scaling.
  • Nail Psoriasis: Nail psoriasis engulfs the areas of fingernails and the toenails and tends to cause discoloration of the skin along with pitting.

Psoriasis Causes

Overactive immune system which speeds skin cell growth is the cause of psoriasis. Psoriasis causes can begenetic and/or the overactive immune system. Nonetheless, let us find out the factors that trigger an underlying psoriasis.

There are many factors and not to forget triggers differ from person to person. One thing that is to be kept in mind is that PSORIASIS IS NOT CONTAGIOUS. Psoriasis patients need not be isolated. Let us quickly have a look at the triggers of psoriasis

  • Genes: Psoriasis could be a genetic disorder. It could be running in the family from generation to generation.
  • Stress: Stress is observed to be one of the most common triggers of psoriasis. It can be vice versa also a psoriasis flare can cause stress. It is like a chain or a loop.
  • Skin injury: Skin injuries such as cut, sunburns, insect bites, surgical cuts, so on and so forth can also be the triggers for psoriasis. Psoriasis may appear in any of the areas of skin that has been damaged or harmed in any way. Any of these skin damage can trigger psoriasis.
  • Weather: Weather can also be a major triggerfactor of psoriasis. Weather can flare the underlying psoriasis in certain individuals.It is observed that cold weather flares psoriasis most often. While warm weather can help in improving psoriasis.
  • Illness: Illness directly attacks the immune system and psoriasis is triggered by anything that affects the immune system. These illnesses could just be the regular tonsillitis, ear infection, respiratory infection or bronchitis. In children, it is widely observed, that there is some connection between the streptococcus infection or strep throat and guttate psoriasis.
  • Alcohol: Though not all, but in some cases excessive alcohol consumption has been identified as the culprit. It has been observed that excessive alcohol consumption may be the trigger or flare when it comes to psoriasis.
  • Medications: Certain forms of medications have been noted to flare psoriasis and they include prednisone, hydroxychloroquine, and lithium.
  • Possible Other Triggers: Though not common, in some psoriasis cases, suspicion has been laid on certain environmental issues, certain forms of food, allergies, surroundings, etc. The best way to understand the underlying trigger is by monitoring or tracking it timely and maintaining accurate records.
Synopsis

Psoriasis, an autoimmune skin condition which causes severe itchy, scaly patches has various types and has quite many contributing flares and triggers. Awareness of psoriasis causes and types helps understand and manage psoriasis better.

With the advancement in the field of medicine and research, a lot of innovative tools, creams, medicines have been developed and used widely in managing psoriasis, nonetheless, it is advisable to reach out to the right medical practitioner, track and monitor the symptoms and flares to better manage psoriasis and lead a better life.

With advancement in the field of medicine and healthcare, there are great options available for managing psoriasis efficiently. It could be in the form of advanced medical tools and equipments, creams and ointments, oral medicines, etc.

There are many big players in the market providing the very best in terms of psoriasis treatment. Some of these could be identified as Glenmark, C Cube, Biocon

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